6 Steps to Successfully Design a Space: Step 4 – Creating Floor Plans


Now that you have narrowed down your style and how you want to use the space, it’s time to create a floor plan. Take a moment to look at the basic shell of the room. What do you like about it? What do you dislike and want to hide? Take these things into consideration when experimenting with your floor plans.

Instead of dragging that sofa to ten different locations in the room, let’s make it easier on everyone and create floor plans using graph paper. Here’s what to do.

Creating your floor plan

  • Create top down drawnings of the items you have at 1/18 the size (ex. a sofa that is 72″ long would be 4″ long on your small piece of paper). These line drawings don’t have to look realistic. They can just be rectangular or circular in shape and have the name and dimensions of the item written on it, so you don’t forget what it is.
  • Cut out all your pieces and set them aside.
  • Create a very rough line drawing of your room at 1/18th the size. Again, a simple rectangular drawing will work (note: 1/18 is just a suggested size).
  • Make sure to note where the windows, doors and key features of the room are (ex. bay windows and fireplaces).
  • Once you have completed your room drawing, grab your cut out furniture pieces and arrange them in various floor plans. Take pictures of each plan you create.
  • Remember to take everything previously discussed into consideration. Is this a space for entertaining guests or watching TV? Design your floor plan around your lifestyle needs.
  • Remember that items in 2D will always look smaller than items in 3D.

Some additional tips.

  • Remember to keep passage ways clear of obstacles. Don’t cut off a clear line from one door to the other by dropping a side table smack in the middle of the path.
  • Picture what the room will look like when you walk into it. What do you want to be the first thing people see as they walk into the space? What is the focal point?
  • If there is something in the room like drab floors or an ugly radiator, try to draw the eye away from the sore spot. If you have drab floors, try drawing the eye up with bold colour choices on the walls and furniture. If you have an ugly radiator paint it the same colour as the wall to help blend it in or find a great radiator cover to hide it completely.

Above all else, have fun with this step. Get really creative and try out multiple floor plans. You never really know what layout will work best without a little experimentation.